Who Are You

There seems to be a dearth of articles on setting up full-fledged “automatic” user registration systems for Django 2.0. Yes, there’s documentation, but there’s a lot to wade through, and it’s far from a step-by-step guide, which is what this aspires to be.

The problem for developing many web applications using Django is that adding a user requires logging in through the admin interface to do so. For smaller groups, say, 20 or so, this might be manageable, though annoying. If you develop for deployment to a wide audience, say the entire English speaking world, you don’t want people to email you requests all the time to be added so they can do whatever in your app.

I’ll be assuming that you have a passing familiarity with Django, and have made it through the tutorial and polls app. I’m also assuming that this is among the first things you’re setting up, and you won’t mind blowing away any data you have, because that’s the simplest way to do things in Step 3.

Step 1: Settings

You can customize these as your needs dictate, but here’s a bunch more things to add to your mysite.settings:

Step 2: Some Templates

The next thing we want to do is make a bunch of templates. It’s a tad backward from how Django is normally developed, but trust me. As always, customize as you wish.

In your templates directory, create a “registration” subdirectory. All these templates will live in there.

Play around with the workflow regarding resetting passwords with your superuser, and make sure all these parts play together. If you want to try the same thing with a “regular” user (there won’t be a visible difference unless you make one in the templates), add one through the admin interface.

Step 3: Altering the User model

Personally, I prefer websites that ask me to log in using my email address. On the wider Internet, it’s guaranteed to be unique so I don’t have to come up with a username like james53401, and I won’t have to remember if I used james53401 on this website or james2557 instead. Yes, I have a password manager that does most of that heavy lifting, but that’s still something that annoys me.

Anyway, the first thing to do would be change the user model to accept an email address instead of a username for login. Easier said than done, though. We get to create a brand new model! You can create an app specifically for the user ( ./manage.py startapp testuser, which I will assume below) or add the model to an existing app, that’s up to you. Either way, the app will need to be added to the INSTALLED_APPS list in mysite.settings. Also, you’ll need to add this to mysite.settings:

Then,

Now, we delete everything. If you’re using a MySQL, PostgreSQL, etc. type database, drop all tables. If you’re using sqlite3, delete the database file. Delete all migrations folders from the apps. We “get” to start over.

Now run the following:

If you run your server now and go to the login page, there’s still no way to create a user. Let’s fix that.

Step 4: Adding Registration

Add the following to the appropriate views.py:

And this to your urls.py:

Nearly there!

Step 5: Verifying the Email Address

I’ve also found in my long years trawling the Internet that verifying email addresses is a necessity. I’ve wound up on a mailing list for a travel agency in South Africa, a Botox clinic in Chicago, a Mazda dealership in Texas, and a home remodelling firm in Denver, associated with people named Johann, Joni, Jacci, and others. Instagram was nice enough to send me an e-mail a few dozen times when a Jessica attempted to use my email address to sign up for an account (to the point where I signed up for one just to stop the emails). But to avoid being a bad apple, let’s add in a way to verify the person signed up for an account intentionally, and entered the right email address.

The way we’ll do this is to not allow the user to set a password until they have verified the email address. This sounds a lot like resetting a password, right? So we’ll take advantage of that.

First thing, change UserCreationForm to the following:

At the moment, it’ll automatically pop the user to the login form, where they can click “Forgot password?” and get a link that way, but we’ll try to streamline that.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *